Total hip replacement (THR), also known as total hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure designed to replace a damaged or deteriorated hip joint with artificial components. This procedure is commonly performed when severe hip pain, reduced mobility, and functional limitations are caused by conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fracture, or other hip disorders. During THR surgery, the damaged femoral head (the “ball” of the hip joint) and the hip socket are replaced with prosthetic implants made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. THR aims to relieve pain, improve hip joint function, and enhance the patient’s quality of life by restoring hip joint movement and stability.
The diagnosis of the need for a total hip replacement (THR) typically involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare provider. This evaluation includes a detailed medical history and physical examination to assess the patient’s symptoms, joint function, and overall health. Imaging studies like X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans are often utilized to assess the extent of hip joint damage and to determine the suitability for surgery. Blood tests may be conducted to rule out underlying medical conditions. Additionally, the patient’s pain level, hip function, and the impact of hip problems on daily life are assessed using standardized questionnaires. The healthcare team uses these findings to determine if THR is a suitable treatment option for the individual.
Symptoms indicating the need for a total hip replacement (THR) include persistent hip pain that does not respond to conservative treatments like medications or physical therapy. Other common symptoms include reduced hip joint mobility, stiffness, limping, and difficulty walking or performing daily activities due to hip pain and dysfunction. Pain in the hip may be exacerbated by movement or weight-bearing activities and can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. These symptoms often result from conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures, or other hip joint disorders.
Total hip replacement (THR) is the primary treatment for advanced hip joint degeneration caused by conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, hip fractures, or other hip disorders. During THR surgery, the damaged portions of the hip joint are replaced with prosthetic components made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. This procedure aims to relieve hip pain, improve joint function, and enhance the patient’s overall quality of life. Prior to surgery, conservative treatments such as pain medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications are often explored. After THR, patients typically undergo post-operative rehabilitation to regain strength and mobility. The goal is to provide long-term relief from chronic hip pain and restore the ability to engage in daily activities with improved hip function.